Getting into water bodies, wells, soil, untreated wastewater harms the environment. Specially designed methods of wastewater treatment help to avoid unpleasant consequences. For facilities that are not connected to a centralized sewer system (cottages, recreation centers, hotels, restaurants, etc.), there are a number of ways to treat wastewater. Properly designed and built local treatment plants provide comfortable living and avoid fines for environmental pollution.
Lack of sewerage
The presence of water supply, bathroom, shower, sauna, swimming pool will not surprise anyone – all this is in many country houses. But for them to function properly, it is also necessary to determine the method of drainage and wastewater treatment.
Traditionally, the cesspool was considered the fastest and most affordable solution. However, more and more landowners find a lot of shortcomings in it and recognize the danger. There are reasons for this.
Crushed stone and sand are used to arrange the cesspool – they are filled to the bottom. Strengthening of walls is made by means of a brick, the concrete plate serves as a cover. A special pipe is designed for waste. The liquid fraction of wastewater passes through the crushed stone – is filtered and then enters the soil. Heavy inclusions remain in the pit, gradually accumulating to the level when you have to use a septic tank to remove them.
Wastewater treatment in this way has a number of disadvantages:
- the pit can be flooded by groundwater, during spring floods, heavy rains;
- for normal passage of water crushed stone and sand need frequent replacement;
- the surrounding area may be contaminated with sewage;
- the stench spreading over the area does not promote comfort, is harmful to health.
The process of cleaning the cesspool is accompanied by an unpleasant odor, and bringing the infected area to normal status requires considerable costs. The situation is completely different if modern autonomous sewerage is used for a private house. It allows you to forget about odors forever, wastewater can be reused without harming the environment.
Biological treatment stations
The term “biological treatment station” has the same meaning as a number of others. Various manufacturers in the technical passport call it as:
- autonomous sewerage system;
- decentralized sewerage system;
- local treatment plant;
- wastewater treatment plant;
- wastewater treatment station.
All the names suggest that the sewerage singly, independently of the sewer system, treats wastewater. It is a waterproof structure consisting of one or more sections. Sometimes it has compartments – cameras.
Advantages of MakBoxBio biological treatment stations
MakBoxBio treatment stations are an effective way to solve the problem of wastewater treatment. The presence of a large receiving compartment allows you to easily drain water, for example, from the washing machine, and grease and sand are immediately filtered. Additionally a basket for rubbish delay can can be added in configuration of treatment station.
A reinforced concrete well is usually used to install the station. But if you need to buy a stand-alone sewerage for placement, for example, in a green area, the installation can be carried out directly into the ground.